If you have slight redness in the white part of your eye, there is a possibility that you have broken blood vessel in eye under your conjunctiva (also called a subconjunctival hemorrhage). Various small veins are situated inside the conjunctiva and in the space between the conjunctiva and the fundamental sclera (the white part of your eye). Under certain circumstances, one of these tiny vessels can blast. It is usually not a case of severe complication and thus, there is no need to treat it usually, unless it takes more than normal time to get healed by itself.
Causes of Broken Blood Vessel in Eye
The conjunctiva contains a few nerves and minor veins. These veins are large in number and scattered throughout the sclera. They are delicate and can be damaged with slight stretch break. A slight trauma, direct blow or pressure on the eye can cause these minute veins to be ruptured. Some of the causes for subconjunctival hemorrhage are:
- Eye surgery, including LASIK and cataract surgery
- Accidental injury
- Excessive rubbing of eye
- High blood pressure
- Bleeding disorder
- Side effect of certain drugs like steroids and aspirin
- Infections in the eye
- Diseases like diabetes and lupus erythematous
- Parasitic infestation
- Deficiency of Vitamin C
- Excessive crying
- Trauma caused by a blunt object
- Greatly increased intraocular or intracranial pressure
This is not a comprehensive list and frequently the accurate reason for the condition is obscure. At times, veins on the front of the eye will break because of conjunctivitis (eye disease) and hypertension. As people are growing old, the chances of having a broken blood vessel in eye also increase rationally.
Symptoms of Broken Blood Vessel in Eye
Typically with this condition, only one of your eyes is red. Frequently, there may not be any other side effects. You might not encounter any adjustments in your vision or any eye torment. Your eye will likely have a patch that seems splendid red while the remaining white areas of the eye might still look perfectly okay. On extremely rare occasions, you feel pain when bleeding starts from the broken blood vessel.
When the bleeding first occurs, you may feel a kind of fullness in your eye under the eyelid. You may also experience mild pressure around your orbit. You may have very mild irritation of the eye as the hemorrhage resolves. Other than the noticeable seeping between the sclera and conjunctiva, numerous individuals experience a scratchy or irritated feeling on the eye surface. This irritation is temporary and gradually subsides after the blood slowly clears up and redness disappears. Similarly, the feeling of pressure disappears on its own after some time.
When you have seen the presence of blood in your eye for more more than a month, it might be better for you to look for professional advice. A broken blood vessel can be hazardous in rare cases.
Treatments for Broken Blood Vessel in Eye
Most of the time, treatment is not required for a subconjunctival drain. In case you are encountering constant torment or inconvenience with seeping of blood regularly, you should seek medical help as soon as possible.
1. Artificial Tears
Lubricant artificial tears can give great comfort to the irritation caused by broken blood vessel, although these eye drops cannot help repair the broken vessel. They might diminish any disturbance to your affected eye.
2. Avoid Certain Medication
The utilization of headache medicine or another solution that represses thickening must be kept away from. If you are taking headache medicine or an anti-coagulant for a restorative condition, check with your doctor to figure out if the medications ought to be halted or preceded.
3. Anti-infection Eye Drops
In case a contamination is evident, anti-infection eye drops or balm may be recommended. Normally, the condition resolves within a few weeks. The treatment time for this condition is 10 days on average.
4. Seek Medical Help
If the broken vessel in the eye is caused by direct blunt trauma, such as an accident, it is usually recommended to see your doctor as it might have caused various other damages in the eye.
How to Prevent Broken Blood Vessel in Eye
Eyes are sensitive organs and eye care is an equally important matter. Avoid direct trauma or injury to your eyes when you're doing sports. Practice a good eye hygiene and use contact lenses with care. For individuals experiencing hypertension, they ought to check their blood pressure regularly and reduce their salt intake. Here are some golden tips to prevent you from broken blood vessel in eye:
- For individuals experiencing constipation, they must not put too much strain while defecating. Intestinal medicines can be taken to relieve the problem.
- People with diabetics should get their eyes checked routinely.
- You should always avoid rubbing your eyes. If you think there is something in your eyes, it is ideal to flush it out with fake tears as opposed to utilizing your fingers.
- You can also prevent recurrences of broken blood vessel in eye by taking some supplements. Vitamin C, grape seed extract or pycnogenol can help you increase the strength of vessel walls.